Conventional approaches for the management of fisheries (e.g. quotas, size restrictions, etc.) have been challenging to implement in the Caribbean because of limited government resources for enforcement and monitoring. This challenge is amplified on small islands, which have a much bigger coastal zone in relation to their population than larger countries.
A new approach for managing coastal resources on small tropical islands is emerging as a more practical and beneficial strategy – the creation of networks of marine protected areas ,,. The consensus among marine scientists is that a network of MPAs offers “the most realistic and cost-effective strategy to build the resilience of the region’s fisheries and coral reefs” (ICRS Call to Action, 2008).