Coral reefs and fisheries are critically important to the economy and food security of Caribbean countries, with an estimated annual value of between US$3.1 to 4.6 billion [1]. Despite their recognised value to the region, Caribbean coral reefs and fisheries are being rapidly degraded by pollution, over-fishing, habitat destruction and climate change [2],[3],[4].

Fisheries are also in decline because of inadequate management, with many reef species such as conch, lobster, grouper and snapper becoming increasingly scarce [6],[7]. The dramatic decrease in the numbers of Parrotfish, essential for removing algae and maintaining the health of coral reefs, is the cause of widespread coral loss.

Climate change is projected to compound these problems, causing the loss of important nursery grounds and the migration of some species to cooler regions [8],[9],[10].